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OnBalanceVolume (OBV)

Description

This indicator displays the buy or sell pressure. For each day with a positive close, the volume is added cumulatively, and it is subtracted for days with a close that is smaller than the open.

Interpretation

Granville theorized that volume precedes price. OBV rises when volume on up days outpaces volume on down days. OBV falls when volume on down days is stronger. A rising OBV reflects positive volume pressure that can lead to higher prices. Conversely, falling OBV reflects negative volume pressure that can foreshadow lower prices. Granville noted in his research that OBV would often move before price. Expect prices to move higher if OBV is rising while prices are either flat or moving down. Expect prices to move lower if OBV is falling while prices are either flat or moving up.
The absolute value of OBV is not important. Chartists should instead focus on the characteristics of the OBV line. First define the trend for OBV. Second, determine if the current trend matches the trend for the underlying security. Third, look for potential support or resistance levels. Once broken, the trend for OBV will change and these breaks can be used to generate signals. Also notice that OBV is based on closing prices. Therefore, closing prices should be considered when looking for divergences or support/resistance breaks. And finally, volume spikes can sometimes throw off the indicator by causing a sharp move that will require a settling period. (Source: Stockcharts.com)

Usage

OBV()
OBV(IDataSeries inSeries)
OBV()[int barsAgo]
OBV(IDataSeries inSeries)[int barsAgo]

Return value

double
When using this method with an index (e.g. OBV()[int barsAgo] ), the value of the indicator will be issued for the referenced bar.

Parameter

inSeries Input data series for the indicator

Visualization

OnBalanceVolume (OBV)

Example

//Output the value for the On Balance Volume (OBV)
Print("The current value for the OBV is " + OBV()[0]);